Soviet unbuilt warships of

30'-50' era.

2001 by Mitia Andreev, mitia_and@pochtamt.ru

This a list of LARGE Soviet warships which had never swallowed through the sea waves - they were cancelled on shipbuilding facilities even before launching. The mission of this report is to clean some historical unknowledges, common between Western fleet-history fans. Dimensions are "max" everywhere, if not specially said "via waterline" or a mistake.

Don't forget, that 1 inch consists of 25.4 mm!!!!

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Note: This is not a complete and mistake-free report and don't take care of my English - I'm Russian.

"X project" large cruiser.

Displasement Standart - 15 518t

Full - 17 350t

Dimensions 233m (via waterline) x 22.3m x 6.6m
Propulsion Steam turbines, 210 000hp.

Full speed - 38 knots, economical -25 knots.

Range: 38 knots - 900nm.

Crew 715
Armor Belt - 115mm.

Deck - 75mm.

Turrets - 150mm - 75mm.

Barbettes - 115mm.

Command center - 152mm - 75mm.

Armament 4 triple 240mm/60. (235kg, 5 shots/sec).

6 dual AA 130mm/50. (12-15 shots/sec).

6 AA 45mm.

4 AA 12.7mm HMGs.

2 triple 533mm TT.

Never started building. Proposed to be "Washington-treaty "heavy cruisers" killer". Designed in 1935.

Project 71a light aircraft carrier.

Displasement Standart - 10 600 t

Full - 13 150 t

Dimensions 195m (via waterline) x 24m x 5.88m
Propulsion Steam turbines, 110 000hp.

Full speed - 34-35 knots, 2550 tons of oil.

Crew ???
Armor Belt - 100mm - 75mm.

Deck - 90mm.

Command center - 50mm.

Armament 8 AA 100mm.

4 quad AA 37mm (range Ver - 5km,160-180 shots/sec).

20 AA 12.7mm HMGs.

10 recon-bomber aircraft, 20 fighters.

First real Soviet CV project, USN Independence light aircraft carriers ansestors. Date of project - 1939. Never started building.

Sovyetskiy Soyuz Class battleships (project 23).

Displasement Standart - 60 000 t

Full - 67 000 t

Dimensions 259.6m x 38.8m x 10.37m
Propulsion Steam turbines, 201 000hp. (max - 231 000hp).

Full speed - 28 knots.

Range: 28 knots - 1890nm, 21 knots - 4300nm, 14.5 knots - 5960nm.

Crew 1664
Armor Belt - 420mm-380mm - 57% of waterline.

Deck - 125mm + 155mm + 50mm.

Turrets - 495mm-230mm main caliber, 65mm second. cal.

Barbettes - 425mm.

Command center - 480mm.

Subwater defense: Italian -123m, American - 33m, 60% of waterline, depth - 8.2m-7m, armor - 7mm+7mm+7mm+35mm+10mm.

Armament 3 triple 406mm/50. (???: 1100kg, range - 24.5nm, 2.5 shots/sec).

6 dual 152mm/57 (range - 17nm, 7.5 shots/sec).

6 dual AA 100mm/56 (range Hor - 12nm, range Ver - 11km, 16 shots/sec).

8 quad AA 37mm (range Ver - 5km,160-180 shots/sec).

Bismarck Class battleships counterpart. Never built. Proposed designs - 74 000 tonn battleship with 4 triple 16 inch guns and after-WWII "project 24" BB, practically the same as project 23. If founding a "brother" in USN, don't take Iowa Class battleships, they are from the other generation of battleships. North Carolina Class battleships are the REAL counterpart of these unbuilt ships.

Sovyetskiy Soyuz Built by Baltic Shipyard. Laid down 15 July 1938, suspended 10 July 1941. Plans for completion postwar cancelled, scrapped 1948-1949.

Sovyetskaya Ukraina Built by Marti Yard, Nikolayev. Laid down 31 Oct 1938, suspended 10 July 1941 when 26% complete. Captured by the Germans and partially scrapped, remains of hulk damaged during the war and scrapped 1946.

Sovyetskaya Byelorussiya Built by the Molotovsk Yard. Laid down 21 Dec 1939, cancelled 19 Oct 1940. Scrapped 1945-1946.

Sovyetskaya Rossiya Laid down at Molotovsk Yard 1940. Scrapped after 100 tons had been assembled.

Kronshtadt Class large cruisers (project 69).

Displasement Standart - 35 432 t

Full - 41 640 t

Dimensions 250m x 31.6m x 9.5m
Propulsion Steam turbines, 201 000hp.

Full speed - 32 knots, max speed - 33 knots ( for 2 hours).

Range: 32 knots - 1150nm, 22.4 knots - 4620nm, 17.2 knots - 7210nm

Crew 1037
Armor Belt - 230mm ( 9 inch) - 76.8% of waterline.

Deck - 14.2mm + 90mm + 30mm. ( 5.3 inch).

Turrets - 305mm-125mm main caliber, 110mm-50mm second. cal.

Barbettes - 330mm. (13 inch).

Command center - 330mm-125mm. (13-5 inch).

Armament 3 triple 305mm/54 (470kg, range - 25nm, 3.24-2.36 shots/sec).

4 dual 152mm/57 (range - 17nm, 7.5 shots/sec).

4 dual AA 100mm/56 (range Hor - 12nm, range Ver - 11km, 16 shots/sec).

7 quad AA 37mm (range Ver - 5km,160-180 shots/sec).

Extremely large cruisers, prepared against German Gneisenau Class battleships. Proposed rearming to 3 German dual 380mm (800kg, range - 18.7nm, 2.3 shots/sec), which could lead to building not a large cruser, but a battlecruiser, was cancelled due to the beginning of The Great Patriotic War with Germany (but we had alredy paid 50 millions gold DMs to Hitler and got nothing!!!). By the end of building ships were 12% ready.

Kronshtadt Laid down 30 Nov 1939 at Marti Yard, Leningrad, suspended July 10, 1941. Scrapped 1950's.

Sevastopol Laid down 5 Nov 1939 at 61 Kommunar Yard, Nikolayev, suspended 10 July 1941. Captured and scrapped by the Germans.

Project 72 aircraft carrier.

Displasement Standart - 30 755 t

Full - 37 390 t

Dimensions 280m x 33m x 8m (all via waterline)
Propulsion Steam turbines, 210 000hp.

Max speed - 30 knots.

Crew ???
Armor Belt - 90mm.

Deck - 30mm+(50-80)mm.

Turrets - -.

Armament 6 or 8 dual AA 130mm.

4 dual and 8 single AA 85mm.

12 dual AA 37mm.

24 dual AA 23mm.

62 planes.

A wartime aircraft carrier project of 1944. Rejected for high cost and political reasons.

There were a number of aircraft carriers projects in 1944-1946, which included escort carriers, light carriers, "squadron" and heavy carriers. They all were not built.

Stalingrad Class large cruisers (project 82).

Displasement Standart - 36 500 t

Full - 43 000 t

Dimensions 250.5m x 31.6m x 9.7m
Propulsion Steam turbines, 280 000hp.

Max speed - 34 knots.

Range: 15 knots - 5000nm.

Crew 1481
Armor Belt - up to 150mm.

Deck - 90mm-110mm.

Turrets - up to 323mm.

Armament 3 triple 305mm SM-31.

6 dual 130mm BL-109A.

6 quad AA 45mm SM-20-ZIF.

12 AA 37mm 70-K.

10 quad 25mm BL-10.

"USN Alaska's killers". Never build due to the stupidity of Soviet Communist Party leaders - they thought that battleships, cruisers and carriers are "bourgeois" weapons and war may be won only by nuclear missles and submarines.

Stalingrad Built by Nikolayev. Laid down 31 Dec 1951.Building stopped 26 June 1953, part of hull launched 1954 for armor trials, then scrapped.

Moskva Built by Baltic Yard. Laid down 9/1952. Building stopped 11 April 1953, later scrapped

Kronstadt Proposed to be built by "Severnoe Mashinostroitelnoe Predpriyatie" Molotovsk (Severodvinsk).

Project 85 light aircraft carrier.

Displasement Standart - 23 400t

Full - 28 400t

Dimensions 260m x 41m x 8.3m
Propulsion Steam turbines, 144 000hp.

Full speed - 31.4 knots.

Range: 18 knots - 5000nm.

Crew 1850
Armor Belt - 80mm

Deck - 20mm + 70mm.

Armament 8 dual AA 100mm.

6 quad AA 57mm..

8 quad AA 25mm.

40 "Tigr" (Mig-19 variant) fighters, 2 Mi-1 helicopters.

Another unbult Soviet CVL, 1954 year-design. Really a French Navy Clemenceau Class aircraft carriers counterpart.

Bibliography.

1. "Morskaya kollekziya", issue1/1995. Moscow, 1995.

2."Gangut" issues N3,9,16,18. Saint-Petersburg, 1992-1998.

3."Modelist-Konstructor", issue 4/1995. Moscow, 1995.

4.S.A.Balakin&M.E.Morozov. "Avianoszi mira 1939-1945. UK, USA, USSR.". Saint-Petersburg, "Naval kollekziya", 2000.

5.A.V.Platonov. "Nesostoyavshiesya "avianosnie" derjavi". Saint-Petersburg, 1999.

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